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My page on the Eternal Hell Dogma, proves that the scriptures of Christianity, Mormonism and Islam teach that those who die in unbelief and estranged from God will not be able to escape from horrendous torture. This torture will last forever. The state of torture is called Hell. It is the purpose of this work, The Lie of Eternal Punishing, to show that the doctrine is extremely cruel. It denies that God is good. This book hopes that those who teach the doctrine or support any religious system that teaches it will see the error of their ways and stop.
Christians will not consider a faith that says God had sex with a virgin for a good purpose. Presumably what God does is okay as long as it hurts people to the extreme. According to Christian dogma, an eight year old boy can go to Hell just for masturbating or for not accepting Christ. They find that more palatable. That says a lot about them. The sentence of everlasting punishment which involves everlasting torment and abandonment by God is the worst thing imaginable. If we can condone God allowing such a thing and creating such a state then we can condone anything. Why? Because anything else is not as bad as it.

Here, we are not thinking about what makes a person stay in Hell but are asking if they choose Hell by dying in unremitted sin as the Church maintains.

You can be sure that when you speak against the Christian and Islamic doctrine of everlasting punishment that the believers will try to blame people for being damned because they died unreconciled with God and they give out the pat answer, “It’s their choice.” They say he does everything to keep us out of Hell. The choice is made at death and not a moment before or after. The extreme nastiness of anybody saying such a thing and making such a terrible accusation is apparent from the fact that you can only say a person deserves something in proportion to the evidence for their guilt for there is nothing else to go by. Therefore to accuse anybody of deserving to suffer forever is to require infinite proof that they are that bad and such proof cannot be had. Death is so awful and you go to Hell at death if you deserve it according to Christianity. That doesn’t sound very sympathetic for such an awful thing as dying.

POINT 1. A choice can be reversed.

If God were good he would ignore my choice to go to Hell and wait until I make a better one. He could reincarnate me to give me a second chance. When he doesn’t have to send everybody who chooses Hell to Hell, he doesn’t have to send anybody. If I choose Hell now he ignores me unless I die. Doing evil to a person who wants abuse is wrong. Sending a person to Hell is evil for helping that person to repentance and salvation is better. Hell-fire religions show a profound lack of compassion and regard for repentance when they declare that a person who chooses Hell belongs in it in the sense that he or she ought to be sent there.

POINT 2. The rude idea that God can do as he pleases with us is wrong.

They say he owes us nothing – not the point, we should be able to improve. He is not afraid we will sin to the full if we think our chances will never run out for Hell guarantees that we will never change.

POINT 3. The idea that the souls in Hell are better off there as Heaven would be Hell for them anyway is plainly wrong.

Some give the doctrine of damnation a compassionate ring, “The souls in Hell have chosen to be separated from God forever so they have to be given what they want. The damned chose forever torment when they died and to give them anything else would be cruel so it is kinder to put them in Hell forever. If they were in Heaven they would hate it so much that they would rather be in the harrows of Hell.”

Who could seriously choose eternal torment? Those who have allegedly chosen it have chosen sin but not Hell. How could they choose Hell especially if they hate God for they know it pleases him under the circumstances that they are in the agony of Hell? It is not possible for any to pick evil unless some good is seen in it. If being in Heaven is bad for the wicked and that is why they won't be admitted to it then why is there torment in Hell if God thinks they should not suffer? God is still being accused of cruelty.

Nobody would choose everlasting torment. Nobody can resist a God of love and being with him and being his friend. Anybody who chooses Hell forgets what goodness is so the choice is a mistake and God can’t punish for that and especially he can’t punish with Hell. Even if they did hate God they would rather be with him than in Hell, to be in the place he made. It would be like letting somebody roast you on a spit while you claim to hate them. You wouldn’t give them the satisfaction. Instead, you would try to work towards repentance. Making up your mind to abandoning sin for any reason can be the first step to holiness and living without sin.

The damned would like Heaven better than Hell. They don’t need to be able to see God and enjoy him so it would be like a permanent holiday resort to them with trees and beaches and games and the celestial equivalent of sunshine. If God hasn’t the heart to put them in Heaven or a paradise then God thinks they should not be punished.

POINT 4. God can stop the Hell-deserving choice.

If God is infinite perfection then to be with him to be as happy as possible, so happy that one will not part from him. God could give this happiness to all people for a second so that they will never sin no matter what happens to them. Even if they are sinners he can do this for it is necessary to prevent sin. It is better to condone their sin to destroy it than to let it be. This makes it nonsense to blame sinners for their damnation. It’s not really condoning when you have to overlook sin to destroy it. Actually it is the contrary.

POINT 5. If any venial sin exists all should be venial.
Even the smallest sin tells evil which cannot be controlled to exist and brings it into existence. Evil is infinitely bad because when you bring it into existence to cause disorder the disorder could end up being infinite and everlasting. Venial sin is a lie.
If Roman Catholicism is correct to declare that some sin does not take away your friendship with God and expel him from your soul and make you ready for Hell then all sin should be of this kind or venial in other words. All sin deserves Hell so God must be pretending that some sin does not deserve Hell. By ensuring that some sins do not cast him out of the soul and deserve Hell he should make sure that none of them do this.

The more reason you have to think that there is somebody inside a shed you are going to blow up the more evil you are if you blow it up anyway.
If Hell-deserving sins are possible, God should have concealed his existence, more than religion says he does, so that nobody could reject his love deliberately so that they would not be guilty of an unlimited offence that deserves never-ending torture when they sin. When he makes so many of us unintelligent we should all be unintelligent. It is chiefly his fault if anybody decides to live in Hell. God could have miraculously made us unable to grasp that he is the infinite perfection so that infinite sin would not be possible. People could grow through suffering as much as they do now and all go to Heaven after that.

POINT 6. If God exists and any are saved then God ignores the Hell choice for all deserve Hell so the choice is not the reason for damnation.

All sin is mortal for God hates it infinitely and we  all sin so nobody goes to Heaven. If anybody does go then God is not letting choice get in the way of saving people. Choice is no excuse for damning people.

POINT 7. God should not kill people in mortal sin.
If God doesn’t want anybody to go to Hell then he shouldn’t end their lives when they are in mortal sin and should wait until they have obtained his forgiveness first instead.
The Bible vindictively has God who orders certain sinners brought out to be stoned to death brutally and never even mentioned allowing for them to have a chance to repent.

God does want souls in Hell and is lying if he says that he does all he can to keep people out of it. He takes the lives of people in mortal sin. Religion says he has to do that. Then why can’t he put them on another planet in another body where everything is exactly as it is on earth making them think they have never died so that they may repent of their mortal sin in time? This wouldn’t encourage sin when people don’t know about it.
God gives some people long lives. They have got a better chance of repenting and avoiding Hell than others who die young in mortal sin. This is not fair. Rome says it is for God doesn’t owe anybody more chances but that is a very unfair teaching. He does for if we all have done good then we all deserve the grace of repentance.
Apologists assert that if God gave everybody the same chance people would sin to the full until they think their chances are nearly up. So it is a sin to make sure that you won’t die suddenly by running to the hospital for regular check-ups.
If Jesus were doing his best he would appear to all the people on earth so that they might convert. Christianity foolishly blurts that it would do no good as if it were not worth a try.
Blaming the damned for their plight is cruel because God set them up to make the wrong choice. It is mostly his fault. No it is all his fault for though they deserve it they should still be protected from Hell.
To say that the damned are in Hell through their own deathbed choice and that it is not God’s fault is to accuse them unjustly and to take the tyrannical God’s side. It is even worse when you are less sure there is a God than you are that they exist. It takes a lot to pretend that the damned made the choice not God when it is mainly because of him that they made it. What evidence is there that they chose Hell? To say they did is to say that they were so incredibly evil that they could make an evil choice and stick to it forever. That is a very serious slander for no mortal sinner – not even a Hitler could be that bad. It slanders us all for we are all seen as sinners who deserved Hell. Religion is happy to smear people to get what it wants. To accuse people of a sin that makes God make sure they will never change and rot in Hell forever is not as bad as accusing them of maintaining that choice themselves moment by moment for all eternity. Doctrines like this lead to people being very shallow even if they hide it well.
Some admit that nobody would choose to go to Hell forever but hold that they do not choose Hell but sin and that is why they are in Hell (page 28, Whatever Happened to Heaven?). But that is wrong and absurd. Sin does them no good in Hell for there is no money or sex there only suffering. And it is also absurd to say they choose Hell. So it is absurd to reason that when they choose sin, Hell is part of the equation so they choose it just every bit as much.
It is undeniable that when we are dying we are so scared of the thought of going to Hell that there is no way we would choose to go there and we would repent as soon as we see the gates of Hell. If we wanted to go to Hell we would not be afraid. But the Church still tells the very obvious lie that we choose Hell.
The Church says that God is love and justice. The two go together – they never conflict. The notion of God preferring to punish destroys this doctrine for it is concerned about justice and not love which desires the healing of the sinner. Love is supposed to be the best attribute but this has it suppressed.
POINT 8,If you can say people who die in sin as a result of sudden death before they had a chance to change their minds about going to Hell have chosen Hell, then why can't you say that homosexuals or heretics once they commit their "sin" have made a final choice? Why can't you say if they live good lives after their sin or if they claim to have repented they are lying and they are still destined to go to Hell? In brief, why single out the dead?
It is fairer to choose the living than the dead. The living could be said to be throwing away the chance to repent which can't be said of those who die suddenly. If you claim the right to believe that sinners who die go to Hell forever, then you can't deny somebody the right to believe that this final choice can be made in life as well. You can say for example that a Christian who converts to Islam will never be forgiven even if she or he pretends she or he is. There is something warped about disapproving of people saying that or being angry when they do if you believe that those who die in sin choose Hell forever.

* Hell is Eternal and that is Why it Has to Be a Prison.

Nothing forces God to put us in an eternal Hell. He could keep us in time.

If you believe that there is no time in Hell then you believe that the person cannot change for where there is no time there is no alteration. But God can withdraw them from eternity and put them in time so that they might change.

Hell cannot be timeless for there is nothing terrible about undergoing a moment of great agony in time. In eternity it is the same thing except that there is no past or future but it feels the same as the present moment does. It is like a frozen moment without a sense of anything passing. If Hell is punishment for infinite malicious intent it has to be worse than that.
* God Punishes therefore Hell is a Prison.

New Age and trendy religion says that God never punishes but we punish ourselves.
This has connotations of believing that evil should be condoned not punished for punishment is bad. Punishment is bad when God won’t do it. It mocks Christian morality and also society. If we punish ourselves then is the hatred others will have for us if we do evil punishment? It can’t be for hatred is wrong. And if God attaches bad results to certain sins such as promiscuity and alcoholism so that we can punish ourselves then is he not setting it up that punishment will follow? Is he not punishing us after all?
It is hard to restrain a stab of affection for God upon hearing this sweet stuff about a God who never punishes. Upon thinking, the only thing we have to restrain is disappointment.

Do we punish ourselves instead of being punished by God? It is surmised that the heavy drinker’s punishment is ill health which he has brought on or inflicts on himself. This makes God look like a mere gutless pleasure-giving blandy. But in reality, God thinks that it is good enough for him and only refrains from punishing for he doesn’t need to administer it. By not acting to stop the suffering he is causing it and meting out retribution. God made and sustains the law that drink would harm so he is punishing. God does punish.

Also, the drinker is not intending to punish himself so the doctrine is absurd beyond belief. The drinker sees the suffering as a means to the pleasure of drink or a worthwhile result of it. If people like going to jail and being there then it is not punishment any more. Punishment involves the use of force on the victim and the removal of their freedom.

I was aware of the wrongness of the doctrine since the first time I heard of it which led to much confusion in my religious thinking. But the point in bringing all this up is that if we are punished by God then he must force it on us. We must still be able to sin because if we are not, then we don’t deserve the punishment anymore. Think. If a murderer loses his reason then he cannot be justly punished any more for his crimes. If he got a life sentence, he must be paroled. This means that we can be forced into Hell and manipulated to stay there and sin there.

So we see then that the doctrine of being made to stay in Hell makes God evil. If God is good then it is untrue. 

If we are sinners then it is certain that we deserve to be fully punished which is to undergo suffering that is unlimited for our sins. This seems too ridiculous to many but it is true. If people knew their religion better and had a sense of “sin” they would see that it is correct. Yet it feels ludicrous. Reason often reveals that what the heart says is stupid is not.

God is infinitely good. Therefore, he finds sin - which we all commit according to the Church - infinitely offensive for then he would hate it with an infinite hatred. It is infinitely unjust to offend a God who loves you infinitely. It deserves infinite or everlasting torment. No matter how harmless it seems it offers an infinite injury to God in the sense that it is an unlimited insult. All sin is infinitely offensive or infinitely incompatible with God.

If God is not infinite love but is perfect then he would be infinite love if he could be so it is still infinitely evil to sin against him. He merits infinite love from you because that is what he would give to you.

Sin is an act of ingratitude to God for his endless love. You are trampling on that love by offending him and being ungrateful – and your ingratitude is without limit and calls for everlasting punishment (page 68, The Bible Tells Us So).

Sin keeps you away from God so when God forgives you he is giving you himself and he is infinitely valuable. It follows that his forgiveness is the same value. By sin you are giving him no thanks for his mercy and telling him to keep his gift of himself. You are cruelly turning your back on what is beyond all price and infinitely precious and incurring an infinite sin.

Incidentally, there can be no such thing as venial sin, sin that does not drive God away from you and does not keep you away from him and which does not deserve unlimited punished when he hates all sin with a hatred that knows no bounds.

Time, that which passes, came from eternity or timelessness where nothing passes or changes. When you sin you cannot undo it. The evil you did will exist forever. The moment of iniquity exists in the timeless state of eternity forever and God will see it forever. It is like an insulting monument to God that cannot be destroyed but which offends forever. Sin deserves eternal punishment for it is part of eternity which is present to the eternal God.

You only do what looks good to you. When you sin you approve of all similar evils even if they are committed to infinity making you infinitely sinful. If a man murders his wife he is declaring that if he had an infinity of other selves that they would all do the same or that if there were an infinity of men in the same situation they should do the same.

Some say that sin can have infinite effects that we cannot ever begin to discover which makes it as infinite as God. They claim that the damage done by Adam’s sin alone illustrates the point. They can be right if it is true that there will be an earth and people upon it forever. They can be right if there is an infinity of imperfect beings who can be badly influenced by our sins.

The mere fact that this is possible and sin is unnecessary evil means that sin is an attempt to do infinite damage to the infinity of beings and accordingly is attempted infinite cruelty. It is bad beyond limit. Sin by definition has to be an unnecessary evil and anti-order and pro-chaos. Since Hell is the consequence of sin, ours or Adam’s sin on our behalf according to the Bible or both, it follows that God has no need for Hell and that means that God has no use for it and that the damned are there not because of God but in spite of him which is a zany idea considering that God is almighty.

So justice commands that sinners be punished with infinite suffering.

The doctrine of everlasting punishing implies that God is evil. If we should all be in Hell then he is evil for delaying our arrival there. If he has mercy he is still evil and eaten up with hate.

Incidentally, many argue that if we deserve eternal punishment as to duration then we must live forever for if God let the impenitent go to Heaven or out of existence he would be rewarding the sin.
There are two sides to Hell. One is suffering and the other is separation from God. Even if God has to refuse to be the friend of a person who is in Hell forever that does not prove that he has to torture that person always. People who hate God in this life can feel no pain so the separation need not be agonising.

The real problem is with the notion that everlasting punishing is eternally painful.

Why is everlasting punishment everlasting? Does it really have to never ever stop? Hell-fire cults say yes. Here are all the “reasons” that are given by them.

A) Damned can’t take the endless torment all at once as to intensity so they have to endure it as to duration forever.

ANSWER. It is said that eternal punishment has to be unending because a finite creature cannot take unlimited punishment all in one go. But that is not a reason for Hell being everlasting for it does not hinder escape by repentance. It is only a reason when the person won’t turn away from the sin they are punished for.

When God has to punish a person infinitely he can do it in a moment. God can create an infinite line so he can remodel a person to enable her or him to take infinite punishment in a single instant. He made infinite space so he can turn sinners into beings that can take infinite torture all in one go. Christianity denies this maintaining that a finite being cannot take infinite punishment as to intensity but only as to duration. This is why if a person had to pay for sin it takes them forever to do it. But it is illogical.

God after administering infinite punishment could wait until the person repents and take her or him to Heaven where nobody sins ever again.

Christians protest that if God could give it all in one moment he wouldn’t for it would be encouraging sin. When people feel that they can’t be punished forever their morals will fall apart.

The fact that the damned deserve everlasting punishment does not imply that they have to abide in a state of corruption, hatred of God and misery forever. He would not be rewarding them if they suffered only a smart of pain every thousand years forever in Heaven for that would still amount to infinite pain in the final analysis. And if he can give it in one go he should and when the full penalty is paid he cannot be accused of encouraging sin.

Sinners should be put in a paradise and get a little ache that comes once in every equivalent of a million years forever and ever. This would still settle the infinite debt. They could be allowed to repent and enter God’s presence where nobody ever wants to sin again so that they no longer need to pay the infinite penalty. This way the infinite payment due to our holy and unholy deeds would be given.

Some say that if we bear infinite punishment in a very mild way bit by bit or altogether it feels like it is very mild. It does not feel like punishment. But it is punishment so it does not matter how it feels as long as it is done. If it is true that it is a fault if our punishment seems too mild then that means that we should suffer to the limit. No believers assert that.
B) God has the right to inflict such torment for he doesn’t owe the damned any favours.

ANSWER. He owes it to himself to have devoted servants so he should let them repent so that they will not be sinners forever and perhaps give them their punishment in one go if he is unmerciful and let them ascend into Heaven to be with him.

And he owes it to them. When sin is infinite evil any good we do must be infinite good and since we have all done good we are entitled to an eternity of chances to repent. When we are owed good and evil we should be owed good for it is best to be kind.

If he really hated sin and suffering he would give us a second chance.
C) The souls will not repent.

ANSWER. If they have free will then they would repent sometime. God cannot remove it for then it would be wrong to punish them. It would be punishing puppets that can feel pain.

D) If there were no endless punishing, God would be telling us that no matter how long we sin we can get away with it (page 109, Why Does God? page 116, The Life of all Living). We could sin forever if we are sure that his mercy will always be there. We could abuse his kindness and in that case it would be no longer kindness. His mercy has to stop somewhere. There has to come a time when he will not give us the grace to mend our ways the grace without which repentance is impossible.

This answer claims that it is better for God to discourage evil in this world by threatening everlasting evil on us in the next world which makes no sense. It’s a vindictive suggestion. It suggests that unending torment and evil is better than encouraging evil on earth which only lasts for a short time.
Suppose there is no endless punishing and the sinners are forever free to repent. They will repent sometime. When they do God can take them to Heaven for full union with him. When that happens people cannot sin anymore for they are too happy to throw it away. If you put them on a lonely planet where there is nobody to sin against they will soon repent – there is no difference between repenting then and repenting partly to win the joy of Heaven which is what all Christians do. Christians say that Hell exists and is everlasting because of God’s regard for our free will. Evil makes you less free not more free so God will have to do what leaves the door open for the person to turn away from evil. He has to do whatever makes us the most free. Moreover, the sinner and the damned want the sin not the punishment (page 303, Handbook of Christian Apologetics). (This is a silly claim. Why would the damned want the sin of adultery and murder when there is nobody to commit adultery with or to murder where they are? They have no bodies and any body they will get will be burned alive in a fire, that does not consume just like fire doesn’t consume iron, so it will not be having carnal cravings.) So Hell makes them less free rather than being a recognition of their free will. It seems that when God does not know what you would do he has to assume you would have done the best for he commands us to trust one another. So if you die without a chance to repent and you lose that chance he has to assume you would have repented had you lived on especially when your failure to repent led to a bad situation for you. This would mean that there could be no way he could have anything to do with sending people to Hell if he is good.

The idea behind the reasoning that God can’t let us freely sin forever is that sin is so serious that God has to show it by making a cut-off point though it will lead to many being damned and lost forever. But when sin must be an infinite insult to the infinite goodness of God this does not need a demonstration. Nor does it need a demonstration if the infinite God incarnate himself, Jesus, had to die for sins to pay for them.

It is better to let souls sin forever than to force them to sin forever by withholding grace from them.

Christians say that if God set the cut-off point at 100 years we would still be saying that it should be longer. Maybe. They say that when nobody can decide where to draw the line God is free to draw it where he likes and we deserve no chances at all so we should be happy with what we get. This is extremely evil. All people however evil deserve the chance to change. Evil deserves the power to change as well as to be punished. Because, if you do not deserve the chance to change then you deserve to sin more and that is incoherent. Even if the objection had any force what harm would there be in setting the limit at 100? It gives everybody the same chance which is the way it should be and gives us longer to mature and to think and to learn.
E) There is no time in Hell and that is why it never ends.

ANSWER. Time must pass by in Hell. If it doesn’t then there is just a kind of “present” (which is called eternity) there – it would be as if the present moment was frozen forever. So it is just like a present moment that never gives way to the next moment – you experience it as a moment but it is a moment that never ends. So it is the same experientially as a moment of suffering for a moment cannot be perceived as a long time or an everlasting thing for then it wouldn’t be a moment. Obviously, even extreme suffering is tolerable for a moment. Hell may be the same as this except there is no past or future. There is no time. If that is Hell then why avoid it? It is worth sinning for depending on your perspective and as long as you don’t know what you are missing. The only person who comes out badly in the whole thing is God. God would not place you in a timeless Hell as it would not fit the requirement of infinite suffering. One spasm of pain is nothing if it lasts a moment. If Hell is timeless then it is exactly the same as that except the future never comes.

This view means that no matter how much harm you do on earth all you get for it is what is the same as one moment of suffering on earth. But as long as that suffering matches the harm intended on earth that is fine.
F) It is surmised that because sin is an infinite rejection of God, you lose what is infinite in value by losing God or rejecting him. By rejecting the infinitely valuable, you lose the infinitely valuable. You are asking for infinite consequences for your rejection.
Since you cannot receive the awful infinite consequences that in a moment of time you have to tolerate them forever and ever in endless time. So, Hell is everlasting separation from God because it deserves that.

But separation from God is not punishment in itself unless God makes it painful. So, the pain is the most important thing to him. So, we could take it all in one go. Separation from God does not entitle him to make Hell everlasting. If you lose God for one second you lose what is infinitely valuable. This is infinitely terrible and therefore is a fitting price for infinite sin though it is not necessarily painful and it does not need to be continued for infinite time.

G) It is a mystery.

ANSWER. Just a cop-out. This answer could be used to defend any evil doctrine and religion is supposed to give good simple answers and not to create new problems. Perhaps God only lets you into Heaven if you commit suicide? If we may believe that it is a mystery then we may believe in any equally cruel one. The mystery excuse is itself evil. It is bigoted of it to say that everybody should believe as it wants.

It is suggested that it is logically impossible for a forgiving God to release souls from sin and Hell so he doesn’t. But this answer is absurd. Forgiving them won’t do the saints any harm and it will make the universe a better place. Therefore it is absurd to call everlasting punishing a mystery.

To do good is to do what is best. Punishing people forever does no good. It is doing the grater evil. Now you will begin to see why Hell-fire religions can often get their victims to do great evil.

The ancient doctrine of everlasting punishment makes no sense and is unworthy of attribution to a good God.
The doctrine of everlasting punishment is a load of vicious nonsense. It insults God.
The Amplified Bible
APOLOGETICS AND CATHOLIC DOCTRINE, Most Rev M Sheehan DD, M H Gill & Son, Dublin, 1954  
APOLOGETICS FOR THE PULPIT, Aloysius Roche, Burns Oates & Washbourne LTD, London, 1950
ENCHIRIDION SYMBOLORUM ET DEFINITIONUM, Heinrich Joseph Denzinger, Edited by A Schonmetzer, Barcelona, 1963
GOD IS NOT GREAT, THE CASE AGAINST RELIGION, Christopher Hitchens, Atlantic Books, London, 2007
 ‘GOD, THAT’S NOT FAIR!’ Dick Dowsett, [OMF Books, Overseas Missionary Fellowship, Belmont, The Vine, Sevenoaks, Kent TN13 3TZ] Kent, 1982
HANDBOOK OF CHRISTIAN APOLOGETICS, Peter Kreeft & Ronald Tacelli, Monarch, East Sussex, 1994
HAVE WE TO FEAR A DEVIL? Fred Pearce, The Christadelphian Office, Birmingham
HEAVEN AND HELL Dudley Fifield, Christadelphian Publishing Office, Birmingham
HELL – WHAT THE BIBLE SAYS ABOUT IT, John R Rice, Sword of the Lord, Murfreesboro, 1945
JEHOVAH OF THE WATCH-TOWER, Walter Martin and Norman Klann, Bethany House, Minnesota, 1974
LIFE IN CHRIST, PART 3, Fergal McGrath SJ, MH Gill and Son Ltd, Dublin, 1960
RADIO REPLIES VOL 1, Frs Rumble and Carty, Radio Replies Press, St Paul, Minnesota, 1938
REASON AND BELIEF, Bland Blanschard, George Allen & and Unwin Ltd, London, 1974
THE BIBLE TELLS US SO, R B Kuiper, The Banner of Truth Trust, Edinburgh, 1978
THE CASE FOR FAITH, Lee Strobel, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 2000
THE DEVIL, THE GREAT DECEIVER Peter Watkins, The Christadelphian Birmingham, 1992
THE ENCYCLOPAEDIA OF BIBLE DIFFICULTIES, Gleason W Archer, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1982
THE FOUR MAJOR CULTS, AA Hoekema, Paternoster Press, Carlisle, 1992
THE KINDNESS OF GOD, EJ Cuskelly MSC, Mercier Press, Cork, 1965
THE LIFE OF ALL LIVING, Fulton J Sheen, Image Books, New York, 1979
THE REAL DEVIL, Alan Hayward, Christadelphian Bible Mission, Birmingham
THE REALITY OF HELL, St Alphonsus Liguori, Augustine Publishing Company, Devon, 1988
THE SERMONS OF ST ALPHONSUS LIGOURI, St Alphonsus Ligouri, TAN, Illinois, 1982
THE TRUTH ABOUT HELL, Dawn Bible Students, East Rutherford, NJ
WHAT DOES THE BIBLE SAY ABOUT HELL? Radio Bible Class, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1986
WHATEVER HAPPENED TO HEAVEN?, Dave Hunt, Harvest House, Eugene, Oregon, 1988
WHY DOES GOD? Domenico Grasso SJ, St Paul Publications, Bucks, 1970