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THE AWFUL BLASPHEMY OF THE CATHOLIC MASS

The Mass offers bread and wine pretended to be flesh and blood and pretends to offer Jesus as a sacrifice to God.

Genesis however tells us, "Now Abel kept flocks, and Cain worked the soil. In the course of time Cain brought some of the fruits of the soil as an offering to the Lord. And Abel also brought an offering—fat portions from some of the firstborn of his flock. The Lord looked with favor on Abel and his offering,  but on Cain and his offering he did not look with favor. So Cain was very angry, and his face was downcast.  Then the Lord said to Cain, “Why are you angry? Why is your face downcast? If you do what is right, will you not be accepted? But if you do not do what is right, sin is crouching at your door; it desires to have you, but you must rule over it.”  Now Cain said to his brother Abel, “Let’s go out to the field.” While they were in the field, Cain attacked his brother Abel and killed him."

The moral is that the person who does not offer blood sacrifice to God offends him as a person and the offering offends too.  The rejection of God leads to murder and evil. 

Bible prophecy mentions a religious abomination that appears after the sacred sacrifices of the Jews are prevented.  This can be understood to refer to the Mass which appeared after the end of Jewish sacrifices.  The temple cult ended in 70 AD.  The abomination lasts until the end of time.  Jesus too said during his ministry that the prophecy had yet to be fulfilled.  The majority view is that the prediction refers to the end of the Temple.  Some feel it is about an earlier attack on the Temple but Christians cannot accept that view for it contradicts Jesus.

And he shall make a firm covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease; and upon the wing of abominations shall come one that maketh desolate; and even unto the full end, and that determined, shall wrath be poured out upon the desolate.
Daniel 9:27 (ASV)

And forces shall stand on his part, and they shall profane the sanctuary, even the fortress, and shall take away the continual burnt-offering, and they shall set up the abomination that maketh desolate.
Daniel 11:31 (ASV)

And from the time that the continual burnt-offering shall be taken away, and the abomination that maketh desolate set up, there shall be a thousand and two hundred and ninety days.
 Daniel 12:11 (ASV)

It is possible to argue that Jesus himself was the abomination.  Here is Daniel 8.

8 Therefore the he goat waxed very great: and when he was strong, the great horn was broken; and for it came up four notable ones toward the four winds of heaven.

9 And out of one of them came forth a little horn, which waxed exceeding great, toward the south, and toward the east, and toward the pleasant land.

10 And it waxed great, even to the host of heaven; and it cast down some of the host and of the stars to the ground, and stamped upon them.

11 Yea, he magnified himself even to the prince of the host, and by him the daily sacrifice was taken away, and the place of the sanctuary was cast down.

12 And an host was given him against the daily sacrifice by reason of transgression, and it cast down the truth to the ground; and it practised, and prospered.


Let me repeat some things.

Jesus predicted the coming of the abomination that causes desolation. He was referring to Daniel 11:31 which says it will take place during a time of distress that is so severe that its like has never been seen. It says too that it will happen after the sacrifices end in the Temple of Jerusalem. These sacrifices ceased in 70 AD after Jesus' time. Mark 13:14 tells the reader of Jesus' saying to understand it meaning he can look it up in the Old Testament book of Daniel. So we are talking about the greatest abomination ever. It is supposed the abomination refers to the sacrilegious murder of Jesus Christ the Son of God. But Jesus' death did not take place in the time of the worst suffering. And Temple sacrifices did not cease with the death of Jesus. The abomination in Daniel is described in the context of something blasphemous and idolatrous being done to God's shrine and his religion. The Catholic Mass which purports to make the killing of Jesus present took place in times of great suffering and is done in places consecrated to God and by a religion supposedly founded by God. It is the real candidate for being the abomination of desolation. The Bible says that the abomination will be destroyed by God and the saints will then rise from the dead. It is talking about something that happens between the ending of sacrifice in 70 AD and the end of the world when the saints rise. The Mass is the best candidate and the best fit for the data.

God hates idols - a false god is anything that denies the duty of sole allegiance to God and is itself unfit for such allegiance:
 
Jeremiah 43
 
"10 Thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel: ...12 I shall kindle a fire in the temples of the gods of Egypt, and he shall burn them and carry them away captive. And he shall clean the land of Egypt as a shepherd cleans his cloak of vermin, and he shall go away from there in peace. 13 He shall break the obelisks of Heliopolis, which is in the land of Egypt, and the temples of the gods of Egypt he shall burn with fire.’”
 
Jeremiah 44
 
2 “Thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel: You have seen all the disaster that I brought upon Jerusalem and upon all the cities of Judah. Behold, this day they are a desolation, and no one dwells in them, 3 because of the evil that they committed, provoking me to anger, in that they went to make offerings and serve other gods that they knew not, neither they, nor you, nor your fathers. 4 Yet I persistently sent to you all my servants the prophets, saying, ‘Oh, do not do this abomination that I hate!’ 5 But they did not listen or incline their ear, to turn from their evil and make no offerings to other gods. 6 Therefore my wrath and my anger were poured out and kindled in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem, and they became a waste and a desolation, as at this day. 7 And now thus says the Lord God of hosts, the God of Israel: Why do you commit this great evil against yourselves, to cut off from you man and woman, infant and child, from the midst of Judah, leaving you no remnant? 8 Why do you provoke me to anger with the works of your hands, making offerings to other gods in the land of Egypt where you have come to live, so that you may be cut off and become a curse and a taunt among all the nations of the earth? 9 Have you forgotten the evil of your fathers, the evil of the kings of Judah, the evil of their wives, your own evil, and the evil of your wives, which they committed in the land of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem? 10 They have not humbled themselves even to this day, nor have they feared, nor walked in my law and my statutes that I set before you and before your fathers.
 
“As for the word that you have spoken to us in the name of the Lord, we will not listen to you. 17 But we will do everything that we have vowed, make offerings to the queen of heaven and pour out drink offerings to her, as we did, both we and our fathers, our kings and our officials, in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem. For then we had plenty of food, and prospered, and saw no disaster. 18 But since we left off making offerings to the queen of heaven and pouring out drink offerings to her, we have lacked everything and have been consumed by the sword and by famine.” 19 And the women said, “When we made offerings to the queen of heaven and poured out drink offerings to her, was it without our husbands' approval that we made cakes for her bearing her image and poured out drink offerings to her?”

20 Then Jeremiah said to all the people, men and women, all the people who had given him this answer: 21 “As for the offerings that you offered in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem, you and your fathers, your kings and your officials, and the people of the land, did not the Lord remember them? Did it not come into his mind? 22 The Lord could no longer bear your evil deeds and the abominations that you committed. Therefore your land has become a desolation and a waste and a curse, without inhabitant, as it is this day. 23 It is because you made offerings and because you sinned against the Lord and did not obey the voice of the Lord or walk in his law and in his statutes and in his testimonies that this disaster has happened to you, as at this day.”
Note: Harmless worship of the Queen of Heaven was condemned and condemned strenuously

Ezekiel 20:8
 
But they rebelled against me and would not listen to me; they did not get rid of the vile images they had set their eyes on, nor did they forsake the idols of Egypt. So I said I would pour out my wrath on them and spend my anger against them in Egypt.
 
Note: God warns against idolatry in the severest terms even though a lot of the worship was not ostensibly evil. He does not care if it is harmless or not. He hates it and its a grave sin.
 
 
Rev John O’Brien, The Faith of Millions,

When the priest pronounces the tremendous words of consecration, he reaches up into the heavens, brings Christ down from His throne, and places Him upon our altar to be offered up again as the Victim for the sins of man. It is a power greater than that of monarchs and emperors: it is greater than that of saints and angels, greater than that of Seraphim and Cherubim. Indeed it is greater even than the power of the Virgin Mary. While the Blessed Virgin was the human agency by which Christ became incarnate a single time, the priest brings Christ down from heaven, and renders Him present on our altar as the eternal Victim for the sins of man—not once but a thousand times! The priest speaks and lo! Christ, the eternal and omnipotent God, bows His head in humble obedience to the priest’s command.

WHY THE MASS IS MORALLY OFFENSIVE

The Roman Catholic Church says that God can turn bread and wine into his son so that they are not bread and wine at all any more but Jesus. This doctrine is called transubstantiation. God performs this change when the Catholic priest blesses bread and wine on the altar at Mass. The food and drink are taken as communion - something that really and truly unites people together and to God.
 
The Catholic Mass is a good proof of the power of self-deception. The communion wafer has none of the characteristics of living things. It doesn't excrete or breath etc. Yet its alive according to the Church. The Mass makes nonsense of science. The believer knows its not alive but that does not stop him worshipping it. Its idolatry pure and simple.
 
If the Catholic communion wafers are not God then the worship cannot go to God even if the Catholic wants the worship to if he or she happens to be wrong about the wafers being God.  With Catholic communion it is claimed that we are what we eat.  Catholics consume Jesus to become him.  So if it is mere bread then it is idolatry of the worst kind.  It is better to worship a frogs backside as God than to depend on consuming as God in human flesh that which is not God.
 
God categorically stated that he will not accept the worship granted to false gods (Exodus 20:2-6; Isaiah 44). In the book of Exodus (22:19) God warns the Israelites not to adore any other God proving that to adore another is not adoring him for he didn’t say, “Don’t adore me by adoring another god.” Some pagan gods were perfectly good yet he says that honouring them is honouring what does not exist and not him. He told us, “My glory I will not give to another, nor My praise to graven images” (Isaiah 42:8). Paul told the Athenians that when they worshiped what they called the unknown God they were adoring his God implying that when they honoured the other gods that they didn’t contact him (Acts 17:23). The honour given to false gods and idols belongs to Satan (1 Corinthians 10:19, 20). To adore the Eucharist is to adore the Devil. God told Cyrus that though he was a sincere worshipper of Marduk that he did not know the true God (Isaiah 45:5,6). And there wasn’t much to know,
 
In Acts, Stephen attacked the notion of God living in temples made with human hands. The temple was not an idol. So what was the problem? Obviously it was the notion that you needed to go to the Temple to get close to God. If you don't see that you are as close to God in a toilet as you are in a temple then that is very very wrong. The Bible sees that as equal to worshipping an idol - it implies an unworthy view of God. The Mass implies that you are closest to God when you are at Mass and especially if you take holy communion which is therefore blasphemy and insults the approachability of God.
 
In Deuteronomy 7:26, God says that his people are not to bring an idol or image of a false God into their house for it is so despicable that it should be hated ferociously. He wants us to utterly abhor it because it places us at risk of being cursed like it. This says there is no benefit to God in idols which is why we must hate them with all our might. So, the true disciple of God cannot enter a pagan temple. The Christian who thinks the Blessed Sacrament is idolatry cannot enter a Catholic Church. And not even when it is absent for the place is still meant to be a Temple for it.
 
All who adore false gods mean their prayers to go to the true God in the sense that if they have the wrong gods they hope that the true divinity, will accept them for they are being sincere. Nobody ever worshiped a statue thinking it was only a statue. They thought the god was inside or received the worship offered to it for it represented him. The Bible would say that since we would rather sin than love God it follows that w do not have this intention at all but even if we do have it, it is no help.
 
The pagan can honour God with idols. Yet the Bible says God despises such worship and that it is not the worship of God. God says that there is such a thing as worshiping false gods. There wouldn’t be if he takes the worship for then all attempts to adore what is not God fail for nobody worships without wanting their worship to go the real God and friend of all humanity.
 
God could forbid idolatry even if the worship goes to him for it is still not the ideal.
 
Doctrinal truth means too much to God for him to welcome for himself the worship offered to false gods. Truth is even more sacred than love because without truth love and reason could not exist or have value. For example, if you hate truth and reason what is to stop you killing a person out of love? To accept idol-worship would be to say that it is okay to desecrate truth. The Bible speaks of divine dogmatism. We are told to choose death before apostasy. The trust the Bible desires has to be complete. There is no room for saying, “I won’t die for God in case my beliefs are wrong”. The evidence may tell you faith is probably true but you have to forget the probably and put it out of your mind and say that it IS true or “I know” and act accordingly. The word know or gnosis is used to describe this in the Bible. Think about it, the Bible tells you to love God alone and others for his sake (in other words, don’t love yourself or others at all). If faith to you means what is probably true then there is a side to you that is not completely sure it is right to believe and love God. Jesus asked us to love God with all our hearts not as much as we could for though we should love as much as we can we must improve so that we can do better which will take time. If God accepted the Mass he would be letting us down when he asks that of us. The gospel of John is full of opposition to doubt and unbelief. If he accepted it then he would be giving the world a licence to worship whatever they like. He does not agree with the majority of people who say that whatever your theological beliefs are they don’t matter as long as your moral beliefs are sound. We see that only those who accept strict doctrines revealed by God can be saved or in touch with him. Outside the true faith or Church there is no salvation.
 
Could God make an exception of Catholic idolatry?
 
Some would say that it is okay for God to refuse pagan worship and accept Catholic idol-worship for Catholics have a clear understanding of the true God and of Jesus Christ. But all idol-worship is the worship of the true God in the sense that it is meant to go to him if the gods you pray to do not exist. Most pagans thought that the worship of the gods was the worship of a mystery. They only did it for the sake of touching the mystery through these gods. Pagans were relativists in religion. Whatever made them feel they touched the mystery kept them happy. For example, the Greek worshipper of the goddess Aphrodite, goddess of love, could also worship her Roman counterpart, Venus. Whether it is Catholic idolatry or pagan idolatry you have there is no difference.
 
When God rejects pagan worship it wouldn’t be fair to accept that offered to the bread and wine by Catholics. When they adore the host they are not even aware of the truths so why should God make a difference over that?
 
He didn’t accept the idolatry of the Hebrews, followers of what was once the true religion according to the Bible, when they made images of him despite the fact that Aaron their high priest appointed by God himself and a figure of trust misled them (Deuteronomy 4:15,16; 30:15-20) so he wouldn’t take a different stance with Catholics who don’t have a divine figure comparable to Aaron guiding them. He has no favourites (John 3:16; Romans 5:8).
 
God says that he is so mysterious that the more you learn the less you understand so allegedly having a “clearer understanding” of God makes no difference regarding whether or not he should take the worship.
 
If God seems unreasonable in rejecting the worship of pagans we must remember that he said we cannot understand his goodness. God is good and just and will not accept the eucharistic adoration unless the Eucharist is really Jesus.
 
Suppose God never intended to turn bread and wine into Jesus, God the Son. Would he do it for Catholics for their sake anyway? If he does then anyone who believes they can turn bread and wine into Jesus can do it. This is heresy for Catholic dogma and tradition and canon law say that only a validly ordained priest can do transubstantiation and excommunicate anyone who thinks otherwise.
 
Pagans adored images thinking that the deity lived in them for nobody would adore mere wood and stone. If God lives in the host for the sake of the Catholics then he should have lived in the idols of the pagans and the Jews to get the worship but he did not. He would not make a difference. The pagans were furthest from Christianity and needed more help and closeness from God and he would not give it to them so when he turns his back on them he will do it on Catholics quicker for they need less light and grace.
 
If the Bible teaches that the bread and wine become the flesh and blood of Jesus then instead of transubstantiation there is a physical change. The bread could be a piece of Jesus’ multiplied body. But there is no reason to think it is the whole Jesus and conscious and entitled to worship.
 
While adoring the host, Catholics forget to make the intention that if it is just bread the worship shall go to God - so it can’t be accepted by God if that is all it is for it is not really for him. It goes to the idol made of flour and water. If God answered prayers to false Gods he would be furthering their worship – he would be increasing the hold of false doctrine over the deluded. No one who declines to convert Catholics from bread worship has the right to be called caring or Christian.
 
When God condemned idolatry as sinful and evil he forbids eucharistic adoration now. He would not do this if he turned the Eucharist into himself. If he does that he would be anti-truth for people will use his bending over backwards as a licence for inventing all the doctrines and idolatrous rites they wish.
 
If God did that then people would be getting spiritual strength from their wrong worship which would only serve to deepen their attraction to it. We wouldn’t know then what religion is right. The revelation that the Bible says every Christian receives from God by grace that the faith is true would not exist for there would be no way to tell who was right or wrong.
 
The Bible warns about religious leaders and how clever they can be when doing Satan’s work which aims to destroy and corrupt God’s truth. In the Bible way, you must only follow human leaders when you are sure they really stand for the word of God. But the Catholic Church says that we must by obligation attend Mass once a week at least for Jesus is physically present at Mass. This rule makes corruption of the people so much easier for they don’t want to be looked down on for not attending and they have to listen to the sermon. The rule is dangerous therefore Jesus did not institute the Mass. It would be a sin to go to a Church where there was no Mass if you are a Catholic for it’s Mass you should be going to. Moreover we see that the Mass gains respect for the priest. And we are sure of that but we have no reason to be as sure that Jesus really gets anything from it. So it benefits the Church leadership mostly for that very reason. It is a power tool.
 
God would ask us to serve him in our neighbour and go no further with that for his burden has to be as light as he can make it for simplicity is a virtue especially in a busy world. But the Mass creates a whole pile of new rules, go to Mass every Sunday, don’t treat communion wafers with disrespect, receive once a year at least, pray to the Blessed Sacrament and visit it. Anything that does that encourages sin because it gives us more to sin about. The gospel Jesus had very little time for rules. He said things about himself in the synagogue that were considered sacrilegious for it was a holy meeting house and did it at the start of his ministry when he had given no evidence that the things he was saying were true.
 
THE RISK PROBLEM
 
Assuming that the Catholic dogma is true that you have to have the right intention to ordain a priest or to turn bread and wine into the body and blood of Christ then it will happen that times this fails to take place through a defect of intention. The Church annuls a lot of marriages on the grounds that the marriage was not entered into with genuine freedom. It would be the same with many ordinations to the priesthood. Many enter it because they feel they are gay or because their families coerce them. Some want to pretend to help people while feeding them religion that they secretly believe is insidious poison. The latter was my reason. Some priests are really atheists and never intended to be validly ordained. In other words, ordinations should be annulled as well as marriages. The result is that if Jesus put the Eucharist of transubstantiation into the hands of the priests he would have been exposing the people to the danger of adoring a Eucharist that was not his body and blood at all. Considering the absolute horror with which the Bible consistently regards the crime of idolatry it is improbable that this risk would have been taken. Either Jesus will consecrate the bread and wine himself without needing a priest or we will not receive the true Eucharist until after the resurrection.
 
The Bible says that man is totally depraved and hates God though he fakes service and love to him (Romans 1, 3) and that is why trying to earn salvation through the Law of Moses as the Jews do is so futile. How then could God expect us to trust priests to turn bread and wine into Jesus? Evil men like others to be as bad as themselves so they would be eager to fake the transformation so that their flock would be deprived of divine aid and fall into vice. A God with intense aversion to idolatry would hardly set up such a scheme.

Religion says that God being a man of flesh and blood, Jesus Christ, means that when you worship his bodily presence in holy communion you worship God. To worship the blood or his body is to worship God. But that may be okay in theory but it is not very clear. It is not practical.  Nobody understands it and nobody pretends to. If a man can think he loves his wife when he actually loves her beauty and charm how much more likely is it to mean to worship body and blood as in idolatry. The concept of worshipping the body of God does not mean you can or intend to worship God.  It may be possible but that does not mean anybody has done it yet.
  
MASS IS OF ANTICHRIST!
 
The Apostle Paul told his hearers that if he himself or any Church teacher or even an angel taught a different gospel to what he was teaching then, then that one is to be accursed (Galatians 1:8). This suggests that he feared apostasy was about to happen in a horrendous and large-scale way.

He also said he wanted to go to Jesus but this desire conflicted with his desire to be with his people in the flesh to teach them. He described this as being necessary for them. He speaks as if he can’t be done without (Philippians 1:22). This does not indicate confidence in the Church to keep to the gospel.

The First Epistle of John says that whoever denies that Jesus is the Christ is an antichrist. It declares as well that those who deny that that he came in the flesh is Antichrist.
 
Antichrist means in the place of Christ. The antichrist is only against Christ in the sense that whoever tries to stand in Jesus’ place without his authorisation is disobeying him. The disobedience must do serious harm so by implication antichrist means a teacher whose doctrines will draw you to Hell and keep y you away form the saving power of Jesus.
 
The Catholic priesthood claims to act in the person of Christ. It gives no genuine evidence of any biblical authority for that at all. That is enough to mark it as antichrist.

The Church claims that the bread and wine of the Eucharist becomes the body and blood of Christ. This is a physical change but the Church says no physical change will be found. So this is a change that isn’t a change.

The Church is really saying that Jesus is not a body. Thus it is antichrist.
 
There's more! The Roman Catholic Church agrees with the New Testament which says that Christians experience the risen Jesus within their hearts and so are witnesses to his resurrection. Does Jesus then somewhere physically dwell in our hearts? Our hearts are really symbols of our spiritual soul which we supposedly have. The Eucharist is no good unless Jesus goes into our souls. But what need would the soul have for his body and blood? It cannot ingest them! Again is the Church indicating that Jesus’ body and blood are not physical but spiritual - in other words, not real flesh and blood.

There is less idolatry in a Hindu worshipping a statue believing that his God inhabits it than in a Catholic worshipping the communion wafer that undergoes a non-change into the body of Christ! Some idolaters think that the image only seems to be of stone or wood or whatever and these are illusions for its true nature as a living magical being. If they are still considered worshippers of a stone or wood what does that make of the Catholics? They worship bread and wine and call them Jesus. But it is still bread and wine they worship. This is quite deliberate for they only pretend they are Jesus. We can mistake pretending for believing. Try this with the door stop. Pretend its alive and you will see that it soon feels like believing.

The pope considers himself to be the head of the Church. His major doctrine is that he is the boss and that his Church turns bread and wine into Jesus. Those are major points in the Roman Catholic gospel. The pope with his bishops demand that even if the apostles themselves came back to life, they would be obliged to be subject to them and would have no authority to teach unless they gave them a mandate to. And Peter, the alleged first pope, would be subject as well for the Church says he ceased to be pope at his death. The apostles declared that should they themselves or an angel from Heaven change anything in the gospel they taught then they must be anathema - utterly cursed (Galatians 1). The Bible says that some angels are really God himself in angelic form. So the apostles were very extreme in the obedience they expected. The pope expects that obedience today - he claims to have their power. So if you die and go to Heaven and you find out from Jesus that the Catholic faith was wrong you are to tell him to f**k off. See the point? The Church has used the anathema to condemn those who disagreed with it in doctrine up to and including Vatican I. This is an affirmation of that very idea that Jesus himself must be opposed rather than admit the Church is wrong. And if you are wrong and go to Jesus with that attitude, it is certain you will be damned for all eternity if he really is the saviour. The Mass then expresses opposition to Jesus if he disapproves of it. It contains implicit hatred.
 
The Roman Catholic Church has turned the Eucharist into the sign of the Antichrist and the abomination of desolation. 
 
APPENDIX

Caligula had his statue put up in the Jewish Temple about 40 AD.  Is that the abomination?  Paul writes of the man of sin who sits in the Temple to be worshipped as a God.  Do we want to think Paul predicted that the Roman Emperor would sit as a god in the Temple?  Caligula did not claim to be an all-powerful god who knew the hearts of his people.  Thus he was really a symbolic god.  He was more like a saint - a being who has powers but within strict parameters. 

BOOKS CONSULTED
 
Apologetics and Catholic Doctrine, Book 2, Most Rev M Sheehan DD, MH Gill & Son, Dublin, 1954
Apologetics for the Pulpit, Aloysius Roche, Burns Oates & Washbourne Ltd, London, 1950
Born-Again Catholics and the Mass, William C Standridge Independent Faith Mission, North Carolina, 1980
Catholicism and Fundamentalism, Karl Keating, Ignatius Press, San Francisco, 1988
Christian Order Vol 36 8-9 and Christian Order Vol 36 Number 4 53 Penerley Road, Catford, London 1995
Confession of a Roman Catholic, Paul Whitcomb, TAN, Illinois, 1985
Critiques of God, Edited by Peter A Angeles (Religion and Reason Section), Prometheus Books, New York, 1995
Documents of the Christian Church, edited by Henry Bettenson, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1979
Encyclopedia of Theology, Edited by Karl Rahner, Burns and Oates, London, 1977
Eucharist, Centre of Christian Life, Rod Kissinger SJ, Liguori Publications, Missouri, 1970
Fifty Years in the Church of Rome, Fr Charles Chiniquy, Chick Publications, Chino, 1985
Is Jesus Really Present in the Eucharist? Michael Evans, Catholic Truth Society, London, 1986
Handbook to the Controversy with Rome, Vol 2, Karl Von Hase MD, The Religious Tract Society, London, 1906
Hard Sayings, FF Bruce, Hodder and Stoughton, London, 1983
Living in Christ, A Dreze SJ, Geoffrey Chapman, London-Melbourne, 1969
Martin Luther, Richard Marius, Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1999
Papal Sin, Structures of Deceit, Garry Wills, Darton Longman and Todd, London, 2000
Radio Replies, Vol 2, Frs Rumble and Carty, Radio Replies Press, St Paul, Minnesota, 1940
Roman Catholic Claims, Charles Gore, MA, Longmans, Green & Co, London, 1894
Salvation, The Bible and Roman Catholicism, William Webster, Banner of Truth, Edinburgh, 1990
Secrets of Romanism, Joseph Zaccello, Loizeaux Brothers, New Jersey, 1984
The Catechism of the Catholic Church, Veritas, Dublin, 1995
The Early Church, Henry Chadwick, Pelican, Middlesex, 1987
The Mass, Sacrifice and Sacrament, William F Dunphy, CSSR, Liguori Publications, Missouri, 1986
The Primitive Faith and Roman Catholic Developments, Rev John A Gregg, APCK, Dublin, 1928
The Student’s Catholic Doctrine, Rev Charles Hart BA, Burns & Oates, London, 1961
This is My Body, This is My Blood, Bob and Penny Lord, Journeys of Faith, California, 1986
Why Does God…? Domenico Grasso SJ, St Pauls, Bucks, 1970
 
The Web
Transubstantiation, Is it a True Doctrine?
http://www.geocities.com/christian_apologist2001/
 
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